What is Myofascial Trigger Point Therapy?
Myotherapy is a treatment modality whose goal is the recovery from or reduction of myofascial pain and dysfunction.
More simply put:
myo: refers to muscle;
fascia: refers to the layer of connective tissue between muscle and skin.
Myofascial pain is the result of trigger points:
trigger point (TrP) is a hypersensitive area which may appear in any muscle. TrPs commonly cause referred pain but also may cause weakness, numbness, and restricted range of motion.
What Causes Trigger Points?
The causes of trigger points include, but are not limited to:
- Muscle Trauma ( car accident, falls )
- Repetitive Activities ( typing, raking )
- Mechanical Stress ( shortleg, poor posture )
What to Expect from a Treatment.
The first treatment begins with a detailed medical history including a description of the patient’s pain history. Specific range of motion tests are done to identify which muscles are harboring trigger points. After the therapist has determined where the trigger points are, manual pressure is applied until the TrP releases. This is follow by stretching exercises designed to return the muscle’s flexibility.
What is Expected of the Patient?
The treatment of myofascial pain does not end when the patient leaves the office. The patient is expected to follow a stretching program as well as any suggestions made by the Therapist to overcome perpetuating factors.